Chinese Journal of Medical History / Zhong Hua Yi Shi Za Zhi

[This article belongs to Volume - 53, Issue - 04]

Abstract : The Geographic Information System (GIS) plays a crucial role in epidemiology. It contributes effectively in improving the health of the population. This paper aims to describe through a systematic review GIS use of in the field of epidemiology. We used two academic databases: PubMed Central (PMC) and Science-Direct using the following keywords: ‘utilisation’; ‘SIG’; ‘epidemiologie’ and ‘use’; ‘GIS’; ‘epidemiology’. Then we identified the selected articles by PRISMA method. Out of 6891 articles, 37 were retained and reviewed. A synthesis of these articles was made according to the year of publication, the territory, the studied problem, the aims and the instruments used. In this sample of papers, all researchers used GIS software to better spatially analyze trends in epidemics. There was a need to divide the scope of GIS in epidemiology to: a) epidemiological surveillance b) Identification of needs in matter of primary care of a community c) health planning and d) care quality. Despite the importance of GIS in disease prevention and control, it has some limitations in its use, particularly in developing countries. Following this systematic review of the use and applications of GIS in epidemiology, GIS remains an effective tool to study the spatial spread of epidemics and to ending some current diseases, especially COVID-19.