Chinese Journal of Medical History / Zhong Hua Yi Shi Za Zhi

[This article belongs to Volume - 53, Issue - 05]

Abstract : This research explores the rising suicide rates in Morocco It examines various factors like economics, social conditions, mental health, and physical health to understand the causes and inform prevention strategies. The research used a mixed-methods approach, analyzing 267 suicide cases through face-to-face questionnaires with their families. A control group of non-suicidal individuals was also randomly selected for comparison. The study uncovered key factors influencing suicide in Morocco. Gender, age, education, marital status, and employment status all played significant roles. Gender differences in suicide rates were evident, with specific age groups showing higher vulnerability. Education appeared protective, while marital status and employment status were associated with social support and economic stability. Financial difficulties emerged as a notable stressor contributing to suicide risk. The analysis emphasized the relevance of psychiatric and somatic factors in gauging suicide risk. Previous psychiatric issues and suicide attempts were notable predictors. Drug addiction was strongly tied to elevated risk, along with experiences of psychological and sexual abuse. The anxiety stemming from the COVID-19 pandemic's psychological effects also contributed to the risk of suicide. Based on these findings, the study underlines the importance of implementing comprehensive suicide prevention strategies in Morocco. Given the nature of suicide, it is crucial to adopt a multidimensional approach. This should encompass addressing socioeconomic factors, providing mental health support, offering substance abuse treatment, and implementing trauma-informed care. Initiatives like public awareness campaigns, targeted education programs, and improved access to mental health services should be prioritized.