Chinese Journal of Medical History / Zhong Hua Yi Shi Za Zhi

[This article belongs to Volume - 53, Issue - 02]

Abstract : According to WHO, NCDs mortality one of the main causes of death, it’s estimated that 80% and 12% of mortality and premature mortality, respectively. This exceeds the world average of 70% of deaths, 38% of which is attributable to cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hypertension among the adult population in two regions of Morocco. Cross-sectional data were analyzed from 1495 persons (18-110 years) who participated in the 2017 Moroccan STEPS survey in the region of Rabat and Casablanca, blood pressure measurements were performed: Hypertension was defined as blood pressure systolic pressure ≥140mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ≥90mmHg and/or under medication antihypertensive medication. The prevalence of hypertension in the study population was estimated to be 28%. It was significantly higher in those with no education (34.4%), those with abdominal obesity (31.9%), and those with hyperglycemia (47.8%), compared with the reference groups. Also, the prevalence of hypertension was slightly higher in those aged 70 years and older (30.3%), those who were obese (35.8%), those with inadequate consumption of fruits and vegetables (29.3%) than in the reference groups, but the difference was not statistically significant. Hypertension is a major risk factor for coronary heart disease, chronic kidney disease, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. This can be largely prevented through effective measures that address behavioral risk factors. Strategies to combat NCDs and multimorbidity should target early life, as behavioral and lifestyle factors that increase the likelihood of contracting diseases are present early in life.