Chinese Journal of Medical History / Zhong Hua Yi Shi Za Zhi

[This article belongs to Volume - 53, Issue - 08]

Abstract : Planning appropriate control measures for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) requires surveillance of risk factors. Comparing non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and associated behavioral, physical, and biochemical risk factors in rural and urban groups were the aim of this study. One thousand adults, ages thirty to sixty-four, participated in this cross-sectional survey; 450 came from rural and 550 from urban areas. Anthropometry, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, lipid profile, and behavioral risk factors were recorded using the World Health Organization-STEPS technique. The study employed multiple logistic regressions to evaluate the relationships among the risk factors. Comparing the sex distribution of the interviewees to the total population in the rural region aged 30-64 years (40.1% of males in the general population were from urban areas and 41.1% from rural areas), a slight bias favoring females was seen. There were 40.6% men and 59.4% women in the total study population. After controlling for other variables, physical inactivity was linked to central obesity, hypertension, and a body mass index (BMI) of ≥23 kg/m2. Diabetes and hypertension were found to be independently correlated with increasing age, male sex, BMI ≥23 kg/m2, and central obesity. The urban area had greater rates of diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, physical inactivity, and overweight people than the rural area, which also had higher rates of alcohol and smokeless tobacco use. Primary prevention must immediately address behavioral risk factors like alcoholism, smoking, and physical inactivity.